Ijo Temple Yogyakarta Tourist Attraction

Ijo Temple Yogyakarta Tourist Attraction

Ijo Temple is located on a hill that the local community called Gumuk Ijo, the highest hill in Prambanan. The height of Ijo hill is 410 meters above sea level, while Ijo Temple is located at an altitude of 358 meters above sea level.

When you stand in Ijo Temple and look southward, there is a steep terraced valley, but it presents a beautiful view. Ijo Temple is a complex consisting of several buildings with terraces. The holiest yard are at the back and the top.

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It is one of the results of the megalithic culture in the form of punden berundak building. The period of establishment of the building can’t be known for sure. However, the temple profiles, kalamakara ornamental motifs, statues and temple reliefs depicted naturally, have similarities with the surrounding temples built in the 8-10 century, so it is estimated that this temple was created in the same period.

Based on some research that has been done at Ijo Temple, it is known that there are 17 structures located on 11 terraces. The temple yard which is the entrance to the main building is terraces that stretch from west to east. The topmost yard is the most sacred page.

On the yard found a fence around, eight lingga patok, one main temple, and three temples located lined in front of the main temple. The restored building is the main temple. The main temple has an entrance to the west. On the outside wall of the temple, there are niches to place the statues of Agastya, Ganesha, and Durga.

These statues are currently stored at the Office of Archaeological Heritage Conservation Yogyakarta. Inside the temple, there is a phallus-yoni symbolizing the god Siva that blends with the goddess Parvati. Thus it can be concluded that this temple has a Hindu background.

The worship done in this temple is intended to Siva. In the middle perwara temple, there are statues of oxen (Nandi). In Hindu mythology, Nandi is the vehicle of Lord Siva. Other building structures that exist in the complex Ijo Temple is on the ninth terrace, the rest of the building bats facing east.

On the eighth terrace, there are three temples and four building, and two stone inscriptions. One of the inscriptions is found above the entrance wall of the temple. The stone inscription is about one meter tall with the sound of Guywan, which means hermitage.

The inscription is now stored in the National Museum of Jakarta. Another stone inscription containing 16 pieces of sentence in the form of repeated curse spells that read “Om sarwwawinasa, sarwwawinasa”. The inscription does not mention the number of years, but from a paleographic angle can be estimated from 10 AD, so Ijo Temple is also allegedly built in the same period.

On the fifth terrace, there is one temple and two companions. While on the fourth terrace and the first terrace, each there is one temple. However, the tenth, seventh, sixth, third, and second terraces were not found any statue or temple.

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