Ratu Boko Temple Yogyakarta Tourist Attraction

Ratu Boko Temple Yogyakarta Tourist Attraction

Ratu Boko temple is located at Boko hill, 19 kilometers from Yogyakarta City, and 2 kilometers from Prambanan Temple. Due the location in plateau, Ratu Boko complex has its own uniqueness and charm. One of them is stunning scenery.

As far as you can see, you will see Prambanan Temple and Kalasan Temple in the north, the scenery of Mount Merapi, and the rural atmosphere with green rice fields around it. In addition, you can see South Coast from the height.

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The history of the establishment and the function of this complex, known from the inscriptions found in this complex. Based on the Walaing inscription which dates to 792 AD, it contains about the anniversary of the establishment of Abhayagiriwihara by Rakai Panangkaran.

Based on the structures of buildings and inscriptions found, Ratu Boko’s complex was originally a temple for a Buddhist priest named Abhayagiri. Later in the year 856 AD, the complex is functioned as a palace by the Hindu. Therefore, not surprising if the elements of Hinduism and Buddhism appear to be mixed in this building.

Hindu elements can be seen through yoni, three temple miniatures, statues of Ganesha and Durga, as well as gold and silver plates inscribed with Hindu mantras. While the elements of Buddha can be seen from the Buddha statues, ruins of stupas, and stupika.

The complex in Bukit Boko is called as the palace because it is alluded to in the inscription and also because of its resemblance to a palace. In the literary books Bharatayudah, Kresnayana, Gatotkacasraya, and Bhomakawya, mentioned that the palace is a complex of buildings surrounded by fences gate.

On the inside, there is a pool and a number of other buildings to worship, and outside the palace there is a square. The existence of a number of bows and bracelets of andesite stone in this complex, indicating that the first building standing on it was made of wood.

Based on its location, the building in the Ratu Boko complex can be grouped into three parts, which are western, southeast, and east. The terraces actually is the backyard, with the front courtyard located on the west, consisting of three terraces.

The southern courtyard boundary is also a fence of andesite rock, but the northern boundary is a wall of sculpted hill. The southeast covers the structure of the floor, gate, bamboo hall, pringgitan batur, miniature temple, wall around, two pool complexes, and stupa ruins.

Both pool complexes are enclosed by fences and have a gate as a driveway. At the bottom of the pond, carved yoni phallus, directly on the bedrock. Eastern group buildings include one pond and two caves, called Lanang Cave and Wadon Cave.

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